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Citing Sources: APA

APA Manual

APA Online Guides

APA Style Examples

Book: basic form, single author

Webber, M. E. (2016). Thirst for power: Energy, water, and human survival. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


Book: basic form, two authors

Holmes, R.T., & Likens, G.E. (2016). Hubbard book: The story of a forest ecosystem. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


Chapter in Edited work

Meyer, S.N. (2016). The Marshall trilogy ansd its legacies. In D.L. Madsen (Ed.), The Routledge companion to Native American literature (pp.123-134). New York, NY: Routledge.


Journal Article 
If you are referencing an electronic version of a journal article that also appears in print and has page numbers (like in a PDF), use page numbers instead of a URL.

Biswas, S., Giri, V. N., & Srivastava, K. L. (2007). Assessing the impact of organizational culture and communication on employee performance and organizational effectiveness. Psychological Studies52(1), 20-28.


Journal Article with a DOI - if a publication includes a digital object identifier (DOI) use that instead of a URL.  

Escrig‐Olmedo, E., Muñoz‐Torres, M. J., Fernández‐Izquierdo, M. Á., & Rivera‐Lirio, J. M. (2017). Measuring corporate environmental performance: A methodology for sustainable development. Business Strategy And The Environment26(2), 142-162. doi:10.1002/bse.1904


Magazine or Newspaper Article - if you retrieve online but the article does not have a DOI use the URL for the magazine or newspaper home page.

Card, J. (2016, July 25). In Gold Butte in Nevada, Ancient Rock Art and Rugged Beauty. The New York Times. Retrieved from


For more Reference List examples visit the Purdue OWL web site